Here you can find videos, references to academic papers, and other institutions to learn about how the legal and judicial system, physical property rights, and intellectual property rights interact with the economy and the rest of society. 


Suggested Readings about Rule of Law, Property Rights and Intellectual Property


Acemoglu, D., S. Johnson, and J. A. Robinson, 2001. “The colonial origins of comparative development: an empirical investigation” American Economic Review. Vol.91(5):1369-1401.

Acemoglu, D., S. Johnson, and J. A. Robinson, 2002. “Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution” Quarterly Journal of Economics Vol.117(4):1231-1294.

Acemoglu, D., S. Johnson, and J. A. Robinson, 2005. “Institutions as a fundamental cause of long run growth” in: Aghion, P. & Durlauf, S. (eds.), Handbook of Economic Growth, Volume 1A, Chapter 6, Elsevier.

Alchian, A. A. and H. Demsetz, 1973. “The Property Right Paradigm” The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 33 (1-Mar): 16-27

Angeles, L. 2010. “Institutions and economic development: Panel Evidence” Working Paper # 2010-03, Business School-Economics, University of Glasgow.

Barzel, Y. 1997. Economic Analysis of Property Rights, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2nd Ed.

Buchanan, J.M., 1993. Property as a Guarantor of Liberty. Aldershot, Hants, England: E. Elgar.

David, P. and D. Foray, 2003. “Economic Fundamentals of the Knowledge Society” Policy Futures in Education, Vol. 1(1):20-49

De Soto, H. and F. Cheneval (eds.) 2006. Realizing Property Rights. Swiss Human Rights Book Volume 1. Zurich: Ruffer and Rub

De Soto, H. 2000. El misterio del capital: Por qué el capitalismo triunfa en occidente y fracasa en el resto del mundo. NY: Basic Books, London: Bantam Press/Random House, Lima: El Comercio

De Soto, H. 2016 Cómo los pobres del Perú derrotaron al terrorismo. the Institute for Liberty and Democracy, Lima, Peru.

Delong, J.M., 1997. Property Matters. New York: Free Press.

Demsetz, H., 1967: “Toward a theory of property rights” American Economic Review Vol. 57(2-May): 347-359.

Diwan, I and D. Rodrik. 1991. “Patents, Appropriate Technology, and North-South Trade,” Journal of International Economics, Vol. 30: 27-47.

Dong B., and B. Torgler. 2011. “Democracy, Property Rights, Income Equality, and Corruption. Nota Di Lavoro. Global Challenges Series. Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

Easterly, W. and Levine, R. 2003. “Tropics, germs and crops: how endowments influence economic development” Journal of Monetary Economics. Vol.50:3-39.

Epstein, R. 1985. Takings: Private Property and the Power of Eminent Domain. Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Epstein, R. 1995. Simple Rules for a Complex World. Cambridge. MA: Harvard. University Press.

Feyrer, J. and Sacerdote, B. 2009. “Colonialism and Modern Income: Islands as Natural Experiments,” The Review of Economics and Statistics Vol. 91(2):245-262.

Friedman, M., 1962. Capitalism and Freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Galiani, S. and E. Schargrodsky, 2005.“”Property Rights for the Poor: Effects of Land Titling” Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Business School Working Paper # 06/2005.

Ghatak, M. and T. Besley, 2009. “Property Rights and Economic Development” CEPR Discussion Paper #7243

Glaeser, E. L., La Porta, R., Lopez de Silanes, F. and Shleifer, A., 2004. “Do Institutions cause growth?” Journal of Economic Growth Vol. 9:271-303

Hall, R. H. and Jones C. 1999. “Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output per Worker than Others?” NBER Working Paper No. 6564. June 1999

Hansson, G. 2009. “What determines rule of law? An empirical investigation of rival models” Kyklos Vol.62 (3):371-393.

Hayek, F.A., 1960. The Constitution of Liberty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Jaffé, K.; S. Levy-Carciente; W. Zanoni 2007. “The Economic Limits of Trust: The Case of Latin-American Urban Informal Commerce Sector” Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol.12(Sep-3):339-352.

Johnson, S., J. McMillan and C. Woodruff. 2002. “Property Rights and Finance” American Economic Review Vol. 92(5):1335-56.

Knack S. and Keefer, P. 1995. “Institutions and Economic Performance” Economics and Politics Vol 7 (3):207-227

Korenko, G. 1999. “Intellectual Property Protection and Industrial Growth,” Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 47-75.

Machan, T.R., 2002. The Right to Private Property. Stanford: The Hoover Institution Press.

Meinzen-Dick, R. 2009 Property rights for poverty reduction? Economic and Social Affairs DESA Working Paper No. 91. ST/ESA/2009/DWP/91. December

Meinzen-Dick, R., P. Kameri-Mbote & H. Markelova 2007, “Property Rights for Poverty Reduction” 2020 Focus Brief on the World’s Poor and Hungry People. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute

North, D. C. 1981, Structure and change in economic history, New York: W. W. Norton & Co.

North, D. C. 1990, Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nozick, R., 1974. Anarchy, State and Utopia, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Paldam, M. and E. Gundlach 2007. “Two Views on Institutions and Development: The Grand Transition vs the Primacy of Institutions” Paper presented at DEGIT XII, Melbourne, Australia, June 29-30, 2007 []

Pipes, R., 1999. Property and Freedom.New York: Alfred A. Knopf and London: The Harvill Press.

Rand, A., 1964. The Virtue of Selfishness. New York: Penguin Books

Rodrik, D., Subramanian, A. and Trebbi, F. 2004. “Institutions rule: the primacy of institutions over geography and integration in economic development” Journal of Economic Growth Vol. 9: 131-165

Sandefur, T., 2006. Cornerstone of Liberty: Property Rights in 21st century America. Washington: Cato Institute.

Singh, R. J. and Y. Huang. 2011. “Financial Deepening, Property Rights, and Poverty: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa” IMF Working Papers WP/11/196

Talbott, J. and R. Roll. 2001. “Why Many Developing Countries Just Aren’t” The Anderson School at UCLA, Finance Working Paper No. 19-01. Nov.13, 2001. [] 

Taylor, M.S. 1994. “TRIPs, Trade, and Growth” International Economic Review. Vol. 35(2):361-81.

Von Mises, L., 2002. Gobierno Omnipotente. En nombre del Estado. Madrid: Unión Editorial. Original title: Omnipotent Government: The Rise of the Total State and Total War (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1944). Translation of Pedro Elgoibar.

Waldron, J., 2012 “Property and Ownership” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.) []

Wang, S-Y. 2008. “Credit Constraints, Job Mobility and Entrepreneurship: Evidence from a Property Reform in China, NYU.

Zhang, J., D. Du and W.G. Park. 2015. “How Private Property Protection Influences the Impact of Intellectual Property Rights on Economic Growth? Global Economic Review, Vol. 44(1):1–30, []


List of Institutions on Rule of Law, Property Rights and Intellectual Property

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

International trademark association

European Patent Office (EPO)

Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO)

Regional Cooperation System on IP (PROSUR)

Patent Office of Cooperation, Council for the Arab States

Africa Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO)

AIPPI International Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property (AIPPI)

Intellectual Property Owners Association (IPOA)


International Indexes that utilize measures of Property Rights

Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom

Fraser Institute Economic Freedom of the World

Cato Institute The Human Freedom Index 

Legatum Institute Prosperity Index

Cornell INSEAD WIPO Global Innovation Index

World Bank Doing Business Report

World Economic Forum Competitiveness Index